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Fort Necessity National Battlefield

Fort Necessity National Battlefield paranormal

Photo by: Marianne Donley
Location submitted by: sdonley on 06/11/2019
DBA Approved: Y

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The battle at Fort Necessity in the summer of 1754 was the opening action of the French and Indian War. This war was a clash of British, French and American Indian cultures. It ended with the removal of French power from North America.

1 Washington Parkway
Farmington , PA 15437
Phone: (724) 329-5512
Open to the public: Yes

Lat: 39.815660
Lon: -79.582950

Database Summary:

Demographic Rank: 6
History: 1
Stories: 1
Claims: 4
Evidence: 0
Resources: 14
Retrievals: 9809
Vistor Rating: 0.0
Votes: 1

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History information is some background and history about the location. This is meant to be a basic summary. Below the history records you will find sources in which you can click on to find out more information. There may be multiple history records per location.

Fort Necessity National Battlefield is a National Battlefield Site in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, United States, which preserves the site of the Battle of Fort Necessity. The battle, which took place on July 3, 1754, was an early battle of the French and Indian War, and resulted in the surrender of British colonial forces under Colonel George Washington, to the French and Indians, under Louis Coulon de Villiers.

The site also includes the Mount Washington Tavern, once one of the inns along the National Road, and in two separate units the grave of British General Edward Braddock, killed in 1755, and the site of the Battle of Jumonville Glen.

After returning to the great meadows in northwestern Virginia, and what is now Fayette County, Pennsylvania, George Washington decided it prudent to reinforce his position. Supposedly named by Washington as Fort Necessity or Fort of Necessity, the structure protected a storehouse for supplies such as gunpowder, rum, and flour. The crude palisade they erected was built more to defend supplies in the fort's storehouse from Washington's own men, whom he described as "loose and idle", than as a planned defense against a hostile enemy. The sutler of Washington's force was John Fraser, who earlier had been second-in-command at Fort Prince George. Later he served as Chief Scout to General Edward Braddock and then Chief Teamster to the Forbes Expedition.

By June 13, 1754, Washington had under his command 295 colonials and the nominal command of 100 additional regular British army troops from South Carolina. Washington spent the remainder of June 1754 extending the wilderness road further west and down the western slopes of the Allegheny range into the valley of the Monongahela River. He wanted to create a river crossing point roughly 41 mi (66 km) away, near Redstone Creek and Redstone Old Fort.

This was a prehistoric Native American earthwork mound on a bluff overlooking the river crossing. The aboriginal mound structure may have once been part of a fortification. Five years later in the war, Fort Burd was constructed at Redstone Old Fort. The area eventually became the site of Nemacolin Castle and Brownsville, Pennsylvania - an important western jumping-off point for travelers crossing the Alleghenies in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

To reach the Ohio River basins' navigable waters as soon as possible on the Monongahela River, Washington chose to follow Nemacolin's Trail, a Native American trail which had been somewhat improved by colonists, with Nemacolin's help. He preferred this to following the ridge-hopping, high-altitude path traversed by the western part of the route that was later chosen for Braddock's Road. It jogged to the north near the fort and passed over another notch near Confluence, Pennsylvania into the valley and drainage basin of the Youghiogheny River. The Redstone destination at the terminus of Nemacolin's Trail was a natural choice for an advanced base. The location was one of the few known good crossing points where both sides of the wide deep river had low accessible banks; steep sides were characteristic of the Monongahela River valley.

Late in the day on July 3, Washington did not know the French situation. Believing his situation was impossible, he accepted surrender terms which allowed the peaceful withdrawal of his forces, which he completed on July 4, 1754. The French subsequently occupied the fort and then burned it. Washington did not speak French, and stated later that if he had known that he was confessing to the "assassination" of Joseph Coulon de Jumonville, he would not have signed the surrender document.

Added by: sdonley on 06/13/2019 DB#:398


Stories are just that. Stories and personal accounts that have been reported about the location.

Reports continue to come in of paranormal occurrences including the sound of ghostly musket shots and voices giving commands to unseen ghostly troops. Many have heard ghost whispers in an Indian, British or French tongue.

Fort Necessity National Battlefield Park is located off the National Road, US 40, in Farmington, Pennsylvania.

The battle at Fort Necessity in July of 1754 was the first major battle of the French and Indian War. For more information about the battle, see the official Fort Necessity National Battlefield website.

The reconstructed fort at the park is at the site of the original fort. The fort is circular shaped and is fifty-three feet in diameter. The palisades in the reconstructed fort are in the exact same location as the original fort's stockade posts. Phantom musket fire and the scalp-haloo of Indians at night where George Washington's first defeat took place in 1754.

Legend has it that Fort Necessity is haunted. Park rangers and visitors have heard muskets firing, as well as unexplained footsteps in the visitor center.

A variety of talks, tours, and demonstrations are available in the summer. Get a complete schedule of daily activities at the visitor center. Follow the short paved path from the visitor center to the Great Meadow and Fort Necessity, where the French & Indian War began. Plan 1 1/2 - 2 hours to see the historic sites in the main unit of the park. Add an hour to visit Braddock's grave and Jumonville Glen.

Added by: sdonley on 06/12/2019 DB#:1403

Paranormal Claims

Here are the paranormal claims for this location. These have been found through Internet research, reports from members, or reports from personal interviews. To add a claim, please contact, and we will review and add your information.

Claim # Added Added By Claim
2782 06/13/2019 sdonley People have reported hearing musket shots.
2783 06/13/2019 sdonley People have reported heard voices giving commands.
2784 06/13/2019 sdonley People have reporting heard ghost whispers in Indian, British and French tongue.
2785 06/13/2019 sdonley Unexplained footsteps have been reported in the visitor center.

Paranormal Evidence

Paranormal evidence is based on claims that have been reported for this location. There can be several types of evidence; however, we have grouped them based on media type for better organization. Here you will find evidence that are logs, audio, video, or photographic.

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Additional Resources

This is a collection of Internet resources for this location. This section will house links to other websites that contain information related to history, claims, investigations, or even the location's website.

Wikipedia Entry
Added: 06/11/2019 By: sdonley
Wikipedia entry for this location.
Fort Necessity | National Park Foundation
Added: 06/13/2019 By: sdonley
Fort Necessity National Battlefield marks the first battle of the French and Indian war. Park features include Braddock`s grave and Jumonville Glen sites.
Added: 06/13/2019 By: sdonley
Entry for location
Added: 06/13/2019 By: sdonley
Page about this location.
National Parks Conservation Association
Added: 06/13/2019 By: sdonley
Page for this location.
Fort Necessity National Battlefield: Where the Road to Independence Started
Added: 06/13/2019 By: sdonley
Article about this location.
Best Trails in Fort Necessity National Battlefield - Pennsylvania | AllTrails
Added: 06/13/2019 By: sdonley
Explore the most popular trails in Fort Necessity National Battlefield with hand-curated trail maps and driving directions as well as detailed reviews and photos from hikers, campers and nature lovers like you.
Fort Necessity National Battlefied
Added: 06/13/2019 By: sdonley
Page for this location, shows photographs.
Added: 06/13/2019 By: sdonley
Other articles where Fort Necessity National Battlefield is discussed: Fayette: The Fort Necessity National Battlefield commemorates the opening battle (July 3, 1754) of the French and Indian War, in which Colonel George Washington surrendered to the French. The county was created in 1783 and named for the marquis de Lafayette. In 1936 architect Frank Lloyd Wright…
Yelp Entry
Added: 06/13/2019 By: sdonley
19 reviews of Fort Necessity National Battlefield "Stopped here while on a road trip to Fallingwater, was an exceptional National Park Service experience. Staff was friendly and knowledgeable. Museum provided an excellent overview of George…
Added: 06/13/2019 By: sdonley
Information about Fort Necessity National Battlefield
Added: 06/13/2019 By: sdonley
Facebook page for this location.
Added: 06/13/2019 By: sdonley page for this location.
The Opening Battle of a World War
Added: 06/13/2019 By: sdonley
National Park Service information about the battle.

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